Tuesday, July 15, 2008

SONNET 18 by WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE


Introduction:

Shakespeare’s sonnet is a love poem with a verse of 14 lines. It is usually in praise of the loved one. The poem is divided into sections of 4 lines called quatrains and 2 lines at the end called a couplet.

Quatrain 1:

~ praising highly his beloved

~ he compares the beloved to a summer’s day

~ even the summer’s day is considered less lovely and less constant as the beloved

Quatrain 2:

~ the sun is sometimes too hot in summer or occasionally clouded over.

~ every beautiful thing becomes less beautiful through accident or through accident or through the passing of time.

Quatrain 3:

~ he claims that the beloved’s beauty will not fade or die, because of the poem

Couplet:

~ the poem will be read as long as man lives and therefore the beloved will live on

~ preserving beauty through the generations


Vocabulary focus:

Temperate: even tempered

Summer’s lease: the fixed period of summer

Eye of heaven: sun

Fair: beauty

Changing course: the passing of time

Untrimm’d: deprived of trimmings

Ow’st: possesses

Thou wander’st in his shade: when you die


Tone /mood:

1) romantic (personally addressing his beloved)

2) light and carefree (choosing summer’s day as a comparison)

3) happy (celebrating his love)

4) confident (his poem will be read and enjoyed through time)

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